Artificial disc replacement (ADR) is a surgical procedure that replaces a damaged or degenerated intervertebral disc with an artificial one. The aim of ADR is to relieve lower back pain, improve mobility and maintain spinal stability. In the past, spinal fusion was the standard treatment for disc degeneration, however, with advancements in medical technology, ADR has emerged as a more effective solution.
One of the main advantages of ADR over spinal fusion is that it allows for preservation of motion in the affected area. This helps maintain the normal movement and flexibility of the spine, reducing the risk of adjacent segment degeneration and secondary spinal conditions. In addition, ADR is less invasive than spinal fusion and results in a faster recovery time.
Artificial disc replacement surgeons are specially trained in this procedure and use state-of-the-art technology to ensure successful outcomes. The surgeon removes the damaged disc and replaces it with an artificial disc made of metal or plastic materials. The artificial disc is designed to mimic the function of a natural disc and provide stability to the spine.
Patients who undergo ADR often report improved quality of life and reduced pain levels. However, as with any surgical procedure, there are also risks associated with ADR, such as implant failure, infection, nerve damage, and other complications.
In conclusion, artificial disc replacement is a viable option for individuals suffering from disc degeneration and lower back pain.